Heidentor in Carnuntum


Carnuntum once was a bustling Roman city on the Nothern Frontier of the Empire, dwarfing neighboring Vindobona - today's Vienna - by thousands of inhabitants. Today, there are a still a lot of things to see and learn.

Carnuntum is an ancient Roman city located in Lower Austria, near the modern-day town of Petronell-Carnuntum. It was an important military and civilian center of the Roman Empire in the 2nd and 3rd centuries CE, and was strategically located at the intersection of several major trade and transportation routes.

Just a few kilometers East of Vienna, remnants of the past rise up next to the highway. Carnuntum's "Heidentor" can be seen from far. Heidentor translates as "Heathen's Gate" and sums up the attitude of the natives towards the Romans. In its heyday, Carnuntum was a huge city and a center or commerce at the border to the barbarian lands. Neighboring Vindobona, today's Vienna was a garrison with a surrounding village back then, but Carnuntum offered everything a Roman far from his hometown was looking for to be able to lead a decent Roman life.

Carnuntum was established in the 1st century CE and rapidly grew in importance over the next few centuries, eventually becoming the capital of the Roman province of Pannonia Superior. The city was home to a large military garrison and served as an important center of commerce and trade. It was also known for its luxurious villas, public baths, and theaters.

Carnuntum is a significant archaeological site. Visitors can explore the ruins of the city, which include the remains of a large amphitheater, a military camp, several public baths, and the remains of numerous villas and other buildings. The site also includes a museum that showcases artifacts from the Roman period and provides information about the history and significance of the city.

In addition to its historical and cultural importance, Carnuntum is also known for its vineyards and wine production. The region is famous for its red and white wines, which are made from grape varieties that have been grown in the area for centuries. Visitors to Carnuntum can enjoy wine tastings and tours of local vineyards, as well as traditional Austrian cuisine at local restaurants and taverns.

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